Arnold Kling  

U.S. vs. Europe

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Steve Antler points to a study by Fredrik Bergström & Robert Gidehag of various indicators of prosperity in the U.S. relative to countries of the European Union.


Most Americans have a standard of living which the majority of Europeans will never come any where near. The really prosperous American regions have nearly twice the affluence of Europe. It is worth reminding ourselves what this means. In these regions the average American can get exactly twice as much of everything as the average European. Which goes to show the importance of an economic policy to stimulate growth.

The study has a number of interesting factual and statistical comparisons, for those of us who enjoy such things.

UPDATE: Tyler Cowen has an answer to my discussion question, plus more information, in a post that also links to the Bergström-Gidehag paper.

See also Anthony de Jasay.

For Discussion. It is argued that Europeans consume more leisure than Americans. Which do you think is more voluntary--our working more hours or Europeans working fewer hours?


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COMMENTS (4 to date)
ivan writes:

In fact Bergström and Gidehag show only that Europeans work less in the market sector. But that doesn't necessarily mean that Europeans have more leisure. Work in the informal sector and unpaid work at home is probaly higher in Europe than the U.S., they speculate. If so, than this is be the result of high taxes and not of voluntary decisions.

Peter Gallagher writes:

I think Krugman is right to say that productivity is 'nearly everything' including the most telling indicator of prosperity. At one level the EU mandarins are keenly aware of the problem: they have assiduously trashed their own comprehenisve internal assessment of the productivity gap: a report to the commission by Andre Sapir and others last year. More
here, if you haven't seen Sapir's report: a marvellous thing and right on the money, in my view.

Best wishes,

Peter

Lawrance George Lux writes:

The concept of work hours is more obtuse to Europeans, than it is to Americans. There were remmants of factory shelters until the 1950s, along with the seven-day workweek of the European house servants. Leisure was something to take as opprotunity beckened, while labor was life's foundation. Europpean mores have not changed to fit the Aemrican pattern, with the development of the industrial society. American labor is far more goal-oriented--get in there, and get it done; while European labor considers it to be part of a whole, but with far less trouble with the concept of Overtime. lgl

Alexander Inkapool writes:

Gidehag Bergström has also done a similar earlier study as regarding "Sweden versus the US" with even more disquieting results. They contended that if Sweden were a state in the US, it would by far be the poorest.

As regards to taxes, productivity and shadow economy a recent study has been published.

"Tax Effects on Work Activity, Industry Mix and Shadow Economy Size: Evidence from Rich-Country Comparisons"

Steven J. Davis, Magnus Henrekson

NBER Working Paper No. w10509 Issued in May 2004

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