Joel Kotkin's catch-phrase for summarizing America's older cities is Euro-America
Like many of their European counterparts, many, if not most, major American urban centers are at best demographically stagnant or even losing population, which is also the case in Paris, Milan, Rome, and Amsterdam. Indeed, since 2000 San Francisco, Boston, Minneapolis, Chicago, and Philadelphia have all lost population, while growth rates have dropped precipitously in many other cities.
Another similarity can be seen in economic performance...San Francisco, Chicago, Boston, and many other American cities have been losing jobs since 2000; New York has fewer private-sector positions today than it did in 1969.
Kotkin contrasts Euro-America with "aspirational cities" that are more market-oriented. He includes "places like Reno, Boise, Orlando, Phoenix, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City."
For Discussion. Does it make sense for elite colleges and universities to be part of Euro-America but not a part of aspirational cities?