How Government Intervention Helped Start the 1967 Detroit Riot
Here's the [Kerner Commission] report's first paragraph on Detroit: "On Saturday evening, July 22, the Detroit Police Department raided five 'blind pigs.' The blind pigs had their origin in prohibition days, and survived as private social clubs. Often, they were after-hours drinking and gambling spots."
These "blind pigs" were places that inner-city black people went to be with their friends, to drink, and to gamble; in other words, they were places where people peacefully enjoyed themselves and one another. The police had a policy of raiding these places, presumably because the gambling and the unlicensed alcohol were illegal. The police expected only two dozen people to be at the fifth blind pig, the United Community and Civic League on 12th Street, but instead found 82 people gathered to welcome home two Vietnam veterans. The police proceeded to arrest them. "Some," says the Commission report, "voiced resentment at the police intrusion." Who'd have thunk it? The resentment spread and the riot began.
In short the triggering cause of the Detroit riot, in which more people were killed than in any other riot that summer, was the government crackdown on people who were going about their lives peacefully. For the rioters the last straw was the government's suppression of peaceful, albeit illegal, black capitalism. Interestingly, in its many pages of recommendations for more government programs, the Commission never suggested that the government should end its policy of preventing black people from peacefully drinking and gambling.
I also point out how urban renewal was a contributing factor.
Update: For some reason, the link to the article doesn't take you there. I don't know why.
[A version of the link that should function in most browsers, even with the unusual apostrophe mark, is http://www.thefreemanonline.org/columns/pursuit-of-happiness/henderson%E2%80%99s-iron-law-of-government-intervention-the-1967-detroit-riot/ Grant's comment is correct, but finding a url that will actually work universally is not that easy. Many browsers immediately convert any smart quotes in urls to ordinary equivalents before trying to connect.--Econlib Ed.]